In the construction of new facilities, the wisest possible choice of construction materials might be made with fouling in mind. A proper selection would save money in the long run by minimizing the need for further mitigation techniques. Kilgour and Mackie (1993) listed the following antifoulant materials, which are used for site construction (in declining order of effectiveness):
For the construction of pipes, Kilgour and Mackie (1993) reported the following list of construction materials as antifoulants (in declining order of effectiveness). They also noted that pipes that were positioned vertically had less settlement than those that were positioned horizontally.
Management and Control Contents
Management and Control Options
Proactive Control Methods